Shaka Zulu's Biography. The life & H istory of the K ing of T he Zulu's
Shakas year of birth is estimated to be 1787 born in Kwazulu. His father was Senzangakhona born in 1762 a child of a chieftain of the small clan of the Zulu succeeding his father as king.
Senzangakhona married sixteen wives and fourteen sons daughters not known, he died in 1816.
Senzangakhonas name derives from the Zulu word meaning he who acts with good reason
His mother was Nandi kaBebe a child of a deceased chieftain of the Elangeni clan, the third wife to Senzangakhona. Born in 1760 and died in 1827(a year before Shakas death).
Shakas name derives from a Zulu word "iShaka" an intestinal beetle on which menstrual irregularities were usually blamed, this was said to Nandi because of her out of marriage pregnancy. Durban beach holiday
Shaka was born out of marriage and that in Zulu culture was considered a bad practice, the marriage didn't work out Nandi returned back to the Elangeni tribe only to find that they were not welcome, because people believed that Nandi had shamed the Elangeni tribe by giving birth to a child out of marriage and the other children taunted Shaka by calling him names like the fatherless one.
Out of suffering, Shaka and his mother moved to the Mthetwa tribe lead by Chief Dingiswayo, that is were Shaka trained to be a warrior for six years. When Shaka was 23 years of age, Dingiswayo saw the ambition and potential Shaka had and gave him a leadership position to lead and train the Mthetwa army. Shaka demanded the strictest of discipline and perfection from his warriors any violation of his laws a punishment of death was sure to follow.
Shaka also revolutionized the Zulu weapon; he made his warriors to train and fight bare foot without sandals as a result to make them tough, and the usual stabbing spear was shortened and named iklwa, the shield was made heavier because he believed the warriors were cowards when they would throw their spears from a distance, Shaka preferred the warriors to run to the enemy and stab him, if any of the warriors would come back from war being stabbed at the back he would kill them because that was a sign that they were running away from the enemy.
Shaka then went to attack the Elangeni tribe, Nandis tribe killing and destroying everything, taking over their territory because of the way they have treated him and his mother before. Nothing was left of that tribe only spared the ones who showed compassion.
Shaka was more bloodthirsty than ever he would go to war with one intention to conquer or die.
King Senzangakhona died in 1816. Shaka and his warriors went to take the kingdom by force because he knew he was royalty from what his mother had tolled him.
One of his winning battles was against the Buthelezi tribe winning their territory. Shaka Zulu had won most of Southeast Africa and Natal in 1820. In 1824 the Englishmen arrived in Natal to find Shaka Zulu wounded from one of the battles and they treated him to health, from that day on wards he thought highly of the Englishmen and signed over land to them.
For years Shaka continued to raid, destroy clans and tribes throughout the Ngunis. The Zulu nation grew to an estimated population of about 250, 000, with an army of about 2000 warriors.
Word came to Shaka Zulu that his mother was sick and in 1827 Nandi died, about 7,000 people were executed and the whole clan of the Zulu was ordered to 3 months starvation in grief of Nandi. history claims that this is what pulled the Zulu clan to the ground because Shaka as a King lost control over the nation and warriors and enemies were rising against him.
This once great King of the Zulus on September the 22nd 1828, his half brother from his father Senzangakhona Dingane, repeatedly stabbed him to death then took the body buried it in an empty tomb, which was filled with stones.
Till to this very day Shaka Zulus life and history lives within the Zulu nation he was believed to be 41 of age when he died.
Shaka left no children, as he saw them as potential rivals. Dingane succeeded Shaka as king of the Zulus trying to restore what was left of the tribe; he also was killed in battle with the Boers.